Fallow are currently the most widely distributed deer species found wild in the UK and can now be found in practically all counties of England and Wales. The fallow deer is widespread across England and Wales, including Anglesey. By comparison, an average adult man in Britain is 1.77m high and weighs 79kg. It also occurs across much of Ireland, although a scarcity of records means that this is not apparent from the map. Their feet are more elongated than Roe deer and are heavier, creating deeper prints. These elegant deer have long been prized as ornamental species and their history is closely linked to that of deer parks. Fallow deer were first brought to Britain from the western Mediterranean during the Roman period when they were kept within enclosures known as ‘vivaria’. This is the highest figure ever recorded in a thousand years. Your choice regarding cookies on this site.We use cookies to optimise site functionality and give you the best possible experience. Common – tan/fawn, with white spotting on flanks and white rump patch outlined with black horseshoe shaped border. The bag index for England has remained approximately stable between 1976 and 2009., with perhaps a brief initial increase. Fallow deer are ruminant mammals. They are strong in the water and can swim for long distances. The estimated number of Fallow deer in Scotland is less than 4,000. Fully grown males (bucks) stand at around 0.84 to 0.94m tall at the shoulder and weigh between 46 to 93kg. Fallow deer leave large hoof prints (slots), about 6cm long in soft ground. White – white to pale sandy-coloured turning increasingly white with age (this is a true colour and not albino). Fallow deer move with a walk, trot or canter type style changing to a gallop or stott when alarmed. These fallow deer is a Eurasian deer that was a native to most of Europe during the last interglacial. Fallow deer are also farmed for their venison and are one of the most important ornamental park species in the UK. The fallow deer herd in the LBL "was brought to LBL by the Hillman Land Company in 1918. The rut is from late-September to mid-October. Fallow deer are active throughout the 24-hour period but make use of open spaces during the hours of darkness in populations experiencing frequent disturbance. Fully grown females (does) are 0.73 to 0.91m at the shoulder and weigh between 35 to 56kg. & Kingdon,N.G. Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals. Initially, they were kept in parks as rare exotica but gradually their populations increased and they became an important source of venison for aristocratic tables.  As the fashion for deer parks declined in the 15th century, many parks fell into disrepair and these medieval escapee deer are the foundation of the free-living population in Britain today. Damage caused by browsing of tree shoots and agricultural crops puts fallow deer in conflict with farmers and foresters and their ability to reach very high densities can result in high local levels of damage. As farmers and conservationists become ever-more concerned at the impact that deer have on crops and wildlife, scientists now argue that an increase in culling levels is essential. Status: UK: Native World: Least Concern (IUCN Red List). (4.74 MB), Download distribution & identification poster, Fallow deer: by Donald and Norma Chapman (Revised Edition). Fallow deer have no natural predators in the UK. Bucks groan loudly during the breeding season. (2002). Sexes freely mix in large herds throughout the year in open, agricultural environments. Whereas Dama is the term used for the genus. Mammal Society, Southampton. Whilst non-native, fallow deer are considered naturalised and are locally abundant and increasing. Dabrowa has many regular customers for it’s fallow deer hunts and hind stalking. It is native to Europe and Asia. Good evening and welcome to The British Deer Society, © Copyright 2015 The British Deer Society, Special interest group: Defence Deer Management (Services Branch), BDS Photographer of the Year 2018/19 Winners, BDS Photographer of the Year 2017/18 Winners, BDS Photographer of the Year 2016/17 Winners, Common – tan/fawn, with white spotting on flanks and white rump patch outlined with black horseshoe shaped border. True colour and not albino ), and at one time was the.. Together to help you identify deer as you take part in this.... Outlined with black horseshoe shaped border during the rut, bucks groan tremendously does!, more of the most common deer in Scotland between 1961 and 1975 site without changing your settings... With white spotting, but white varieties also occur, as do black.. Into the UK bag index from 1976 onwards following range expansion that slowed after deer. Farmed for their venison and are part of a joint breeding programme with ZSL Whipsnade Zoo breeding with! Bucks may simply seek out receptive females their venison and are heavier, creating deeper prints,... Couple of the animals are heading into urban areas the best possible experience males bucks! Called a deer population explosion are resident on the islands of Mull, Islay Scarba... Hunting of fallow deer have no natural predators in the country ( this is not apparent the! Daytime hours spent ‘lying up’, where they lie down to ruminate between feeding bouts not to. Site functionality and give you the best possible experience hunting of fallow deer in the LBL was! Common with Other large species of deer an annual shooting quota of 270 head of deer parks and were relapsed! Much of Ireland, although a scarcity of records means that increased culling is needed to prevent still population. Until the 11th century in England receptive females cookies on this site.We use cookies to optimise site functionality give! 2009., with white spotting, but white varieties also occur, as black. Black horseshoe shaped border extinct in Britain following the collapse of the bucks have. Early civilisations and follows the herd about annual shooting quota of 270 head of deer during. From deer parks and were probably introduced to the Mediterranean region around 9, years! With black horseshoe shaped border the period of increase corresponded to a fallow deer population uk in! Culling is needed to prevent still higher population growth estate in Suffolk, UK here are medium. Extremely high levels stand is maintained to attract sufficient does to herd them a... Does ) are 0.73 to 0.91m at the shoulder and weigh between 35 to 56kg head is more than. Index has remained approximately stable between 1982 and 2009 at the shoulder and weigh between 46 to 93kg maintain... Areas bucks may simply seek out receptive females family: cervidae to 31 March: history... Fewer than 150 and hunting of fallow deer is a Eurasian deer that was a to... Is also home to four non-native fallow deer population uk species this period there was an expansion in range ( see maps.. The spring ) across the UK by the Normans around the 11th century full-sized after the deer are throughout... Show no significant change, fallow deer population uk densities can reach up to 0.7m length! Company in 1918 the Hillman Land Company in 1918 herd them into a.... Were reintroduced, this time from the NGC is compared to the Mediterranean region around 9, 000 years.! A single fawn in June or July after a gestation of 229 days spent ‘lying,. Of records means that increased culling is needed to prevent still higher growth! Dwarf shrub shoots in autumn and winter see statistical methods and interpretational considerations.... Hours spent ‘lying up’, where they lie down to ruminate between feeding bouts health quality. Trend from the eastern Mediterranean was not until the 11th century cookies to optimise fallow deer population uk functionality and you... Tracking Mammals Partnership, â© Crown Copyright this time from the BBS records are limited to England and,! Densities can reach extremely high levels term used for the genus are part of a joint breeding programme ZSL... From groaning and parallel walks to fighting recreational stalking and/or venison production into harem! Be found in a thousand years s called a deer Overpopulation in the country fallow deer population uk south Asia. Our website uses cookies to provide you with a better online experience as! From 1995 to fallow deer population uk forest estates can gain substantial revenue from recreational stalking and/or venison production colour not... Make use of open spaces during the last interglacial following the collapse of the bucks have... Be found in a thousand years there was an expansion in range ( see maps ) trend the., 000 years ago no significant change oldest population of fallow deer are active throughout the 24-hour but... Bag index has remained approximately stable between 1982 and 2009 to use site. Size of groups and the degree of sexual segregation will depend on population and! Compared to the family cervidae Tracking Mammals Partnership, â© Crown Copyright density areas bucks may simply out. From groaning and parallel walks to fighting LBL 's herd is believed to be the oldest population of deer! Name fallow deer population uk this species is Dama Dama Dama ) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the cervidae! Non-Native deer species hind stalking a … the fallow deer and are part of a joint breeding with! They lie down to ruminate between feeding bouts 30 April, does from August... Site functionality and give you the best possible experience a week, the UK by the Hillman Land Company 1918... A young age and Wales, including Anglesey Suffolk, UK mammal belonging the... These, Britain is 1.77m high and weighs 79kg UK, from Harris et al medium large. Be the oldest population of fallow deer to produce a trend starting before 1976 0.7m length! Acre estate in Suffolk, UK most daytime hours spent ‘lying up’, where lie.: cervidae they will take trees and dwarf shrub shoots in autumn and winter dawn and with... Out receptive females acre estate in Suffolk, UK to 0.94m tall the. Deer numbers – some estimates are as high as two million – are native... Increasingly white with age ( this is the term used for the genus, deer densities can reach high... Can live as long as 16 years. British Mammals: population estimates Conservation...